5 Best Tools for Ethical Hacking: Empowering Beginner Hackers

5 Best Tools for Ethical Hacking: A Beginner’s Guide

Hackers pose a significant threat to businesses in today’s technologically advanced world. According to CPO Magazine, a staggering 65% of company board members feel their organizations lack adequate protection against modern cyberattacks. To make matters worse, hackers are now utilizing Artificial Intelligence (AI) to target small businesses. In response, there’s an increasing demand for ethical hackers, cybersecurity professionals who can think like criminal hackers to identify vulnerabilities within company infrastructure. In this article, we will explore the top five ethical hacking tools that every aspiring White Hat hacker should have in their arsenal.

What is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking refers to the process of legally authorizing an individual or organization to gain unauthorized access to cyber infrastructure, applications, and data. The objective is to assess the overall vulnerability of a digital system.

Importance of Ethical Hacking

Ethical hacking tools are essential for various reasons:

  • Protecting sensitive public information held by companies
  • Preventing organizational collapse by staying updated with the latest attack methods
  • Safeguarding individuals and companies from blackmail and online harassment
  • Offering a systematic response to sophisticated hacks
  • Helping companies understand the perspective of hackers

The Best Ethical Hacking Tools of 2023

1. Nmap

Nmap, short for Network Mapper, is an indispensable open-source software system for port scanning. It allows ethical hackers to identify network vulnerabilities through various scanning techniques like UDP, TCP-SYN, and FTP. Nmap provides detailed information about the services running on the network, the installed firewalls, and the operating systems in use. It is particularly useful for quickly analyzing vulnerabilities in large networks and creating detailed network maps.


  • Minimal power consumption during network mapping
  • Easy device auto-discovery
  • Robust internal security assessment
  • Multiple scanning options for finding open ports


  • Non-user-friendly graphical interface
  • Limited number of available NSE scripts
  • Requires time to understand technical know-how

2. Metasploit Project

The Metasploit Project is a versatile penetration testing computer security project. It supports multiple languages and operating systems, offering a wide range of pre-written exploit commands for specific system vulnerabilities. Metasploit boasts over 1,600 exploits across 25 platforms, making it a go-to tool for security mitigation and testing. Its extensive customization options and automation capabilities have significantly reduced security costs for companies.


  • Collaborative pen-testing through workspace creation
  • Integration with other security services, such as Nmap
  • User-friendly and intuitive interface


  • Incomplete exploit updates in recent versions
  • Solely Ruby-based
  • Performance differences between Windows and Linux versions

3. Maltego

Maltego belongs to the family of digital forensics software systems and aims to visually represent the complexity and severity of threats within your cyber infrastructure. With its data mining and graphical link analysis tools, Maltego simplifies the task of mining scattered data sources and merging information in a seamless format. It offers different views, such as the main view, bubble view, and entity view, enabling investigators to identify hidden relational patterns among entities easily.


  • Collaboration and importing features streamline investigations
  • Comprehensive data visualization
  • Strong contextualization capabilities
  • Handles large volumes of data with multiple clusters


  • Limited customization options
  • Slows down when analyzing extensive datasets
  • No recovery method for sudden software crashes

4. John the Ripper

John the Ripper (JtR) is a password cracking tool widely used by penetration testers. It supports various encryption technologies for both Windows and Unix systems. JtR’s automatic hash format detection allows it to crack system security effectively. Additionally, it provides a dictionary-based tool that includes common passwords, and it offers three password-cracking modes: single crack mode, wordlist mode, and incremental mode.


  • Excellent password hash detection
  • Cross-platform and customizable password cracker
  • Supports multiple brute-force attacks using various encryption techniques


  • Less effective against sophisticated passwords
  • Less effective with the latest SHA hashes

5. Nessus

Nessus is a remote security scanning tool known for its ability to detect system vulnerabilities. It stands out for its unbiased approach, as it doesn’t rely on preloaded assumptions about server configurations. It also features its scripting language, empowering users to write custom security tests. Moreover, its wide range of plug-ins equips cybersecurity experts with specific virus-detecting capabilities.


  • Accurate and streamlined vulnerability scanning
  • Easy classification of vulnerabilities into risk categories
  • Multiple policies and best practices for different scan types
  • Presents recommendations and reports in easily accessible formats


  • Slow and time-consuming analysis for large datasets
  • High power consumption during deep scans
  • Does not perform pen-testing

What is the Best Way to Choose Ethical Hacking Tools?

With countless ethical hacking tools available, it can be challenging to choose the right ones. However, look for tools that cover the following domains for a comprehensive, end-to-end security measure:

  • Cryptography
  • Web application hacking
  • Cloud computing security testing
  • Network perimeter hacking
  • Mobile and Internet of Things (IoT) testing
  • Information security and testing
  • Footprinting and reconnaissance techniques

Is Ethical Hacking Legal?

Despite the negative connotations associated with hacking, ethical hacking is legal under specific conditions. You must have written permission from the organization whose security infrastructure you are testing. Additionally, becoming a certified White Hat hacker through courses like Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) and GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN) ensures that you are conducting ethical hacking responsibly.

With the increasing demand for cybersecurity professionals, it’s essential to solidify your understanding of ethical hacking tools. Expand your knowledge with Emeritus’ industry-graded cybersecurity courses, developed in partnership with globally renowned universities.

By Bishwadeep Mitra

Write to us at content@emeritus.org

Is Ethical Hacking Legal?