Orchid enthusiasts have been captivated by the beauty of the Crane Dual Point orchid since 2018. However, growing this exquisite flower can be challenging if you lack the proper knowledge. In this article, we will explore the secrets of cultivating and maintaining this magnificent orchid variety.
Understanding the Crane Dual Point Orchid
The Crane Dual Point Orchid, scientifically known as Dendrobium anosmum, is a remarkable species belonging to the Orchidaceae family. It is also commonly referred to as the purple Philippines orchid. Native to South and Southeast Asia, this orchid can be found in various regions of Vietnam, including Hanoi, Bac Giang, Ha Nam, Lam Dong, and Nghe An.
Features of the Magnificent Crane Dual Point Orchid
The Crane Dual Point Orchid is characterized by a tree trunk that typically reaches a height of 50-70cm. Under optimal conditions, this orchid can grow up to 2 meters tall.
The flowers of the Crane Dual Point Orchid come in two primary colors: purple and white. However, there are various color variations available today, including dark pink, light pink, and white with a purple tongue. These fragrant flowers, measuring about 7cm in length, grow in clusters of 2 to 4 near the top of the plant. The colors of the flowers gradually darken from the edges to the center.
An individual orchid plant can bear up to 100 flowers at once. This orchid variety is highly sought after due to its resilience to both heat and cold, making it relatively easy to grow. The flowers themselves are approximately 3-5cm wide and emit a delightful fragrance. Under normal weather conditions, the blooms of the Crane Dual Point Orchid can last for an impressive three weeks or even longer.
Cultivating Medium for the Crane Dual Point Orchid
The cultivation of the Crane Dual Point Orchid begins with selecting a suitable growing medium. It is recommended to use pieces of wood, wood blocks, various types of moss, or pots that retain moisture effectively.
To ensure optimal growth, remove any damaged roots and apply glue to heal any scars. Additionally, spraying the plant once with fungicide can help prevent diseases. Place the orchid in an upright position with the top facing the sun to ensure the best possible photosynthesis.
Whether mounted on wooden blocks or potted, the Crane Dual Point Orchid can thrive in various growing conditions.
Caring for the Crane Dual Point Orchid
As orchids hold special meaning and have garnered immense affection from flower enthusiasts, caring for these delicate plants is of utmost importance. Here are some essential tips to ensure the well-being of your Crane Dual Point Orchid.
Light and Temperature
Light plays a crucial role in orchid growth, and the Crane Dual Point Orchid is no exception. While these plants require ample light, it is important to provide shading for young leaves. If you notice your plant bending, it may indicate insufficient sunlight. In such cases, relocate the orchid to a sunnier spot.
It is advisable to position your orchid for easy exposure to light. However, avoid direct sunlight during the flowering period, as it may hinder the growth of young leaves and impede overall plant development. In winter, lack of sunlight can significantly affect the orchid’s ability to bloom.
Maintaining an optimal light level of approximately 20-50% is recommended. For newly planted orchids, expose them to 20% sunlight in high-temperature conditions and 40% sunlight in cooler temperatures. Once the plant has matured and established good health, it can thrive in moderate sunlight, around 30% all year round.
Orchids prefer temperatures ranging from 8-25°C, but they can tolerate heat up to 38°C and cold down to 3.3°C.
The Crane Dual Point Orchid, like many other orchid species, thrives in relatively dry conditions. However, it still requires a humidity level of 60-70% for optimal growth. Inadequate humidity can inhibit the growth of young plants, causing them to wither.
To maintain the ideal humidity, ensure that your orchids receive 70% humidity during summer and 60% during winter. Good ventilation is essential for proper airflow, as restricted air circulation can hinder shoot development during the orchid’s budding period.
Orchids are naturally found in forested areas, where humidity levels are higher due to the abundance of trees. As an orchid grower, it is crucial to increase humidity levels by occasionally misting the plants with water.
The initial period when your orchid is establishing its roots is the ideal time for fertilization. Slow-release fertilizers or foliar fertilizers can be used. It is important to note that orchids, including the Crane Dual Point variety, do not favor high nitrogen fertilizers.
Fertilization should be carried out throughout the year, particularly during the stem and leaf growth period. Use a 15-15-15 fertilizer until September, and switch to a 10-30-10 fertilizer from September to October.
During the months of heavy rainfall, it is advisable to discontinue fertilization, as rainwater contains beneficial growth-promoting substances.
Proper watering is crucial for maintaining the Crane Dual Point Orchid’s health and promoting optimal photosynthesis. In summer, it is advisable to water the plant 2-3 times a week to ensure sufficient moisture for vigorous growth.
In fall, when the orchid has stopped growing, reduce watering to once a week to prevent the trunk from shrinking. Completely refrain from watering the plant during winter.
Whether mounted on live stems or potted, orchids have varying water requirements. On average, orchids mounted on wooden blocks require less water compared to potted plants.
Avoid excessive watering, as it can lead to leaf, stem, and root damage, making the plant susceptible to diseases.
Pests can pose a threat to your orchids’ health. To ensure that the applied pesticide is effectively absorbed, it is best to spray your orchids in the cool afternoon when there is no rain. Monthly spraying is advisable to prevent diseases, with increased frequency (every 10-15 days) during periods of heavy rainfall. Spraying the surroundings of your orchids can provide additional protection against pests.
Common Diseases of the Crane Dual Point Orchid
To fully comprehend the art of cultivating the Crane Dual Point Orchid, it is essential to familiarize yourself with the common diseases that can affect this beloved orchid variety.
Fungal diseases can significantly impact the health of your orchid. Here are some common fungal diseases that can affect the Crane Dual Point Orchid:
- Leaf spot disease: This disease appears as small, slightly concave yellow spots on the leaves, gradually turning oval-shaped and dark brown with grayish-white centers.
- Decay disease: Caused by the fungus Phytophthora palmivora, this disease results in dark brown patches at the base of young leaves, leading to leaf drop. It can spread along the trunk, eventually killing the entire plant.
- Root and root rot: Orchids infected with Pellicularia rolsii and Sclerotium rolssi fungi display yellow leaves and brown, soft roots. The disease originates from the top of the roots and gradually spreads to the base of the stem.
- Black Seedling Disease: Caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum, this disease is characterized by brown or black discoloration at the root collar or base of the stem. The disease progresses, causing dryness, yellowing of leaves, and blackening of stems.
- Brown spot on the petals: Curvularia eragotidis fungus causes small, slightly convex brown spots that expand into large, light brown spots. This disease diminishes the value of the flowers.
Bacterial diseases can also afflict the Crane Dual Point Orchid. Familiarize yourself with the following bacterial diseases:
- Brown rot: A disease caused by the bacterium Erwinia carotovora, characterized by light brown lesions that become dark brown and succulent. It can damage shoots, leaves, and stems, resulting in rot and unpleasant odors.
- Soft rot: Pseudomonas Glagioli bacteria cause irregular, milky, watery lesions that can spread across the width of the leaf. In high humidity, the diseased tissue rots, while under dry conditions, it becomes atrophic, dry, and grayish-white.
Insects can also contribute to orchid diseases. Here are some diseases commonly caused by insects:
- Leaf-mining insects: These insects lay their eggs on orchid leaves, resulting in larvae mining through the leaf surface. This damages the leaves and leaves them susceptible to diseases.
- Aphids: These tiny insects suck sap from orchid leaves, causing deformation, yellowing, and stunting of growth.
- Spider mites: These pests create small webs and feed on orchid leaves, leading to yellowing and spotting.
By following the expert advice and insights shared in this article, you can successfully grow and care for the enchanting Crane Dual Point Orchid. Nurture your orchid with love and provide it with the ideal growing conditions, and before you know it, you’ll be rewarded with a flourishing and vibrant display of these breathtaking flowers.
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Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is based on expert knowledge and experience. However, individual results may vary depending on specific conditions and circumstances.